On 5-7 June 2006 Moscow will host the international conference "Sustainable Development and Natural Resources. The Nature - Society - Human System" and the international exhibition "Natural Resources and Environmental Protection".
The year 2004 has been emblematic in the area of providing a transition to a sustainable system of development. Russia ratified the Kyoto Protocol, thus giving the world one more chance to exist and develop safely, since Russia 's role in maintaining the balance of the global ecological system "Nature - Society - Human" remains significant.
Russia has enormous natural-resource potential, covering, in total, 1/7 of the entire terrestrial area of the globe, including 19 % of the world's forest reserves, 22 % of fresh water reserves and 13 mln sq. km of undisturbed natural ecosystems (65 % of the territory). Russia 's actual contribution to maintaining the global ecological balance amounts to at least 10 % of the global potential.
The chairmanship of the Russian Federation in the Group of Eight, scheduled for 2006, marks the strengthening of its position as of one of the countries that are active participants and leaders in the global process of Sustainable Development and Natural Resources.
For the first time Russia is to perform the leading role in the "club" with all ensuing rights and obligations to determine the priority lines of activity of the G8. It should be taken into account that the G8 has traditionally focused on three blocks of problems: the state of the economy and finance, the development of the global economy, the issues of international security, assisting the development of the world's poorest countries, and also the subject of exploiting the achievements of science and modern technology to aid Sustainable Development and Natural Resources.
The basic principles of Russia 's policy in the transition to a sustainable system of development have been and are democratic reforms and the establishment of a civil society, economic growth on the basis of market relations development, the conservation of natural systems and maintaining the quality of the environment and developing the potential of its historical and cultural heritage.
These principles have been made the basis of the international conference "Sustainable Development and Natural Resources. The Nature - Society - Human System", within the framework of which a dialogue between State representatives of various countries will take place in order to discuss initiatives and proposals on how to accelerate the process of the Russian Federation's transition to a sustainable system of development .